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发布于 2023-07-07 / 98 阅读 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞

Prometheus + Grafana 数据监控及数据看板

Prometheus + grafana 数据监控平台部署


Prometheus 是一个非常流行的开源监控系统,用于监控和报警。它最初由 SoundCloud 开发,并于2012年发布为开源项目。Prometheus 可以收集、存储和查询各种不同类型的指标数据,并提供灵活且强大的查询语言 PromQL 来分析和可视化这些数据。

以下是 Prometheus 的一些主要特点:

  1. 多维度数据模型:Prometheus 采用多维度数据模型,使用键值对标识指标,并支持对指标进行标签化。这使得用户可以根据不同的维度对指标进行灵活的查询和聚合。
  2. 强大的查询语言:PromQL 是 Prometheus 的查询语言,它提供了丰富的操作符和函数,用于对指标数据进行复杂的查询、聚合和计算。使用 PromQL,用户可以轻松地创建自定义的仪表盘和报警规则。
  3. 可视化和告警:Prometheus 提供了内置的图形界面和可视化工具,用于创建仪表盘、图表和报表,帮助用户直观地理解和分析指标数据。同时,Prometheus 还支持自定义报警规则,并能够发送报警通知,及时响应和处理异常情况。
  4. 分布式架构和可扩展性:Prometheus 具有分布式架构和水平扩展能力,可以适应大规模环境下的监控需求。它支持多个数据采集节点和存储节点,可以灵活地扩展系统容量和性能。
  5. 生态系统和整合性:Prometheus 拥有丰富的生态系统,提供了大量的第三方工具和库,用于与其他系统进行整合和拓展。例如,Grafana 可以与 Prometheus 结合使用,实现更强大的数据可视化和分析功能。

总的来说,Prometheus 是一个功能强大、易于部署和扩展的监控系统,适用于各种规模的应用和基础设施。它通过收集和分析指标数据,帮助用户及时发现、诊断和解决系统中的问题,提升系统的可靠性和性能。


快速部署
当前服务器IP为 192.168.50.11
当前目录为 /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/

代码在 https://github.com/blankhang/docker/tree/master/prometheus

请将 docker-stack.yml中的node.hostname修改为你自己想要部署的节点名

version: '3.9'  
  
x-logging:  
&default-logging  
driver: "json-file"  
options:  
max-size: "1m"  
max-file: "1"  
tag: "{{.Name}}"  
  
services:  
  
cadvisor:  
image: gcr.io/cadvisor/cadvisor  
container_name: cadvisor  
restart: unless-stopped  
privileged: true  
deploy:  
mode: global  
volumes:  
- /:/rootfs:ro  
- /var/run:/var/run:rw  
- /sys:/sys:ro  
- /var/lib/docker:/var/lib/docker:ro  
# https://github.com/google/cadvisor/issues/1565#issuecomment-718812180  
- /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock  
#- /dev/disk:/dev/disk:ro  
ports:  
- 8080:8080  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
node-exporter:  
image: prom/node-exporter  
container_name: node-exporter  
restart: unless-stopped  
deploy:  
mode: global  
volumes:  
- /proc:/host/proc:ro  
- /sys:/host/sys:ro  
- /:/rootfs:ro  
command:  
- '--path.procfs=/host/proc'  
- '--path.sysfs=/host/sys'  
- '--collector.filesystem.ignored-mount-points'  
- "^/(sys|proc|dev|host|etc|rootfs/var/lib/docker/containers|rootfs/var/lib/docker/overlay2|rootfs/run/docker/netns|rootfs/var/lib/docker/aufs)($$|/)"  
ports:  
- 9100:9100  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
mysql-exporter:  
image: prom/mysqld-exporter  
container_name: mysql-exporter  
restart: unless-stopped  
deploy:  
placement:  
constraints:  
- 'node.hostname == vm-ubuntu-11'  
#environment:  
# NOT WORKING wi  
# - DATA_SOURCE_NAME="root:root@(192.168.50.11:3306)/"  
volumes:  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/mysql-exporter/my.cnf:/.my.cnf  
command: --config.my-cnf=/.my.cnf  
depends_on:  
- alertmanager  
ports:  
- 9104:9104  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
redis-exporter:  
image: oliver006/redis_exporter  
container_name: redis-exporter  
restart: unless-stopped  
command:  
- "-redis.password-file=/redis_passwd.json"  
deploy:  
placement:  
constraints:  
- 'node.hostname == vm-ubuntu-11'  
#environment:  
# - REDIS_ADDR=192.168.50.11:6379  
volumes:  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/redis-exporter/redis_passwd.json:/redis_passwd.json  
depends_on:  
- alertmanager  
ports:  
- 9121:9121  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
grafana:  
image: grafana/grafana  
container_name: grafana  
restart: unless-stopped  
user: "0"  
deploy:  
placement:  
constraints:  
- 'node.hostname == vm-ubuntu-11'  
environment:  
- GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ENABLED=true  
- GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ORG_ROLE=Admin  
- GF_USERS_DEFAULT_THEME=dark  
- GF_LOG_MODE=console  
- GF_LOG_LEVEL=critical  
- GF_PANELS_ENABLE_ALPHA=true  
- GF_INSTALL_PLUGINS=grafana-polystat-panel  
volumes:  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/grafana/provisioning/dashboards.yml:/etc/grafana/provisioning/dashboards/provisioning-dashboards.yaml:ro  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/grafana/provisioning/datasources.yml:/etc/grafana/provisioning/datasources/provisioning-datasources.yaml:ro  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/dashboards/node-metrics.json:/var/lib/grafana/dashboards/node-metrics.json:ro  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/dashboards/container-metrics.json:/var/lib/grafana/dashboards/container-metrics.json:ro  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/grafana-data:/var/lib/grafana  
depends_on:  
- prometheus  
ports:  
- 3000:3000  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
alertmanager:  
image: prom/alertmanager  
container_name: alertmanager  
deploy:  
placement:  
constraints:  
- 'node.hostname == vm-ubuntu-11'  
command:  
- '--config.file=/etc/alertmanager/config.yml'  
- '--log.level=error'  
- '--storage.path=/alertmanager'  
- '--web.external-url=http://localhost:9093'  
volumes:  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/alertmanager/alertmanager-fallback-config.yml:/etc/alertmanager/config.yml  
ports:  
- 9093:9093  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
  
prometheus:  
image: prom/prometheus  
container_name: prometheus  
restart: unless-stopped  
user: "0"  
deploy:  
placement:  
constraints:  
- 'node.hostname == vm-ubuntu-11'  
command:  
- '--config.file=/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml'  
- '--log.level=error'  
- '--storage.tsdb.path=/prometheus'  
- '--storage.tsdb.retention.time=7d'  
- '--web.console.libraries=/usr/share/prometheus/console_libraries'  
- '--web.console.templates=/usr/share/prometheus/consoles'  
- '--web.external-url=http://localhost:9090'  
volumes:  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/prometheus/prometheus.yml:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/prometheus/recording-rules.yml:/etc/prometheus/recording-rules.yml  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/configs/prometheus/alerting-rules.yml:/etc/prometheus/alerting-rules.yml  
- /docker/docker-stack/prometheus/prometheus-data:/prometheus  
depends_on:  
- alertmanager  
ports:  
- 9090:9090  
networks:  
- monitoring  
logging: *default-logging  
  
  
networks:  
monitoring:  
driver: overlay  

配置prometheus核心配置文件 https://github.com/blankhang/docker/blob/master/prometheus/configs/prometheus/prometheus.yml

global:  
scrape_interval: 60s # Set the scrape interval to every 5 seconds. Default is every 1 minute.  
evaluation_interval: 60s # Evaluate rules every 15 seconds. The default is every 1 minute.  
# scrape_timeout is set to the global default (10s).  
external_labels:  
namespace: local  
  
rule_files:  
- /etc/prometheus/recording-rules.yml  
- /etc/prometheus/alerting-rules.yml  
  
alerting:  
alertmanagers:  
- scheme: http  
static_configs:  
- targets: ['alertmanager:9093']  
  
scrape_configs:  
- job_name: prometheus  
static_configs:  
- targets: [ 'localhost:9090' ]  
labels:  
container: 'prometheus'  
  
- job_name: alertmanager  
static_configs:  
- targets: [ 'alertmanager:9093' ]  
labels:  
container: 'alertmanager'  
  
- job_name: node-exporter  
static_configs:  
- targets:  
- '192.168.50.11:9100'  
- '192.168.50.12:9100'  
- '192.168.50.13:9100'  
- '192.168.50.14:9100'  
- '192.168.50.15:9100'  
  
- job_name: cadvisor  
static_configs:  
- targets:  
- '192.168.50.11:8080'  
- '192.168.50.12:8080'  
- '192.168.50.13:8080'  
- '192.168.50.14:8080'  
- '192.168.50.15:8080'  
  
- job_name: mysql-exporter  
static_configs:  
- targets: [ '192.168.50.11:9104' ]  
# labels:  
# instance: 'mysql-exporter'  
  
- job_name: redis-exporter  
# https://github.com/oliver006/redis_exporter/blob/master/README.md  
#redis grafana dashboard id 763  
static_configs:  
- targets:  
- 'redis://192.168.50.11:6379'  
metrics_path: /scrape  
relabel_configs:  
- source_labels: [__address__]  
target_label: __param_target  
- source_labels: [__param_target]  
target_label: instance  
- target_label: __address__  
replacement: 192.168.50.11:9121  
  
- job_name: minio  
# minio grafana dashboard id 13502  
# https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/13502-minio-dashboard/  
# see more  
# https://github.com/minio/minio/blob/master/docs/metrics/prometheus/README.md  
# MinIO deployments started with MINIO_PROMETHEUS_AUTH_TYPE set to "public" can omit the bearer_token field.  
#bearer_token: TOKEN  
metrics_path: /minio/v2/metrics/cluster  
scrape_interval: 60s  
params:  
format: [ 'prometheus' ]  
scheme: http  
tls_config:  
insecure_skip_verify: true  
static_configs:  
- targets:  
- '192.168.50.11:9000'  
- '192.168.50.12:9000'  
- '192.168.50.13:9000'  
- '192.168.50.14:9000'  
  
- job_name: jenkins  
# https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/9964-jenkins-performance-and-health-overview/  
# dashboard id 9964  
# jenkins need install https://plugins.jenkins.io/prometheus/ first  
# http://<jenkinsIP>:<Port>/prometheus/  
metrics_path: /prometheus  
scheme: http  
static_configs:  
- targets:  
- '192.168.50.11:8888'  
  
- job_name: emqx  
# https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/17446-emqx/  
# dashboard id 17446  
metrics_path: /api/v5/prometheus/stats  
scrape_interval: 60s  
honor_labels: true  
static_configs:  
# EMQX IP address and port  
- targets: ['192.168.50.11:18083']  
  
#- job_name: nginx  
#nginx grafana dashboard id 9614  
  
  
- job_name: nacos  
# dashboard id 13221  
scrape_interval: 60s  
metrics_path: '/nacos/actuator/prometheus'  
static_configs:  
- targets: ['192.168.50.11:8848']  
labels:  
instance: nacos  
  
  
- job_name: springboot-wifi  
# dashboard id 4701  
scrape_interval: 60s  
metrics_path: '/actuator/prometheus'  
static_configs:  
- targets: ['192.168.50.2:9100']  

创建 mysql exporter 监控账号
mysql5.7

# 创建名为 'exporter' 的用户,并指定该用户仅能从本地主机 (localhost) 连接到数据库。密码为 'exporter'。  
CREATE USER 'exporter'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'exporter' WITH MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS 3;  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户 PROCESS 和 REPLICATION CLIENT 权限,以便该用户可以查看进程列表和执行复制相关操作。  
GRANT PROCESS, REPLICATION CLIENT TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户对 performance_schema 数据库的 SELECT 权限,以允许该用户查询性能相关的信息。  
GRANT SELECT ON performance_schema.* TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户对 information_schema 数据库的 SELECT 权限,以允许该用户查询数据库的元数据信息。  
GRANT SELECT ON information_schema.* TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  

mysql8

# 创建名为 'exporter' 的用户,并指定该用户仅能从本地主机 (localhost) 连接到数据库。密码为 'exporter'。  
CREATE USER 'exporter'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'exporter';  
ALTER USER 'exporter'@'localhost' WITH MAX_USER_CONNECTIONS 3;  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户 PROCESS 和 REPLICATION CLIENT 权限,以便该用户可以查看进程列表和执行复制相关操作。  
GRANT PROCESS, REPLICATION CLIENT ON *.* TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户对 performance_schema 数据库的 SELECT 权限,以允许该用户查询性能相关的信息。  
GRANT SELECT ON performance_schema.* TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  
  
# 授予 'exporter' 用户对 information_schema 数据库的 SELECT 权限,以允许该用户查询数据库的元数据信息。  
GRANT SELECT ON information_schema.* TO 'exporter'@'localhost';  

修改/configs/mysql-exporter/my.cnf 文件,改成你的mysql的 ip、端口以及上面刚配置的用户名、密码。

[client]  
host=192.168.50.11  
port=3306  
user=exporter  
password=exporter  

修改/configs/redis-exporter/redis_passwd.json json配置文件,改成你的redis的 ip、端口、密码 无密码留空。

{  
"redis://192.168.50.11:6379":""  
}  

支持多节点配置

{  
"redis://NODE1IP:PORT":"PWD",  
"redis://NODE2IP:PORT":"PWD",  
"redis://NODE3IP:PORT":"PWD"  
}  

执行 start-prometheus-stack.sh

docker stack deploy --resolve-image always -c prometheus-stack.yml prometheus-stack  

grafana 的模板id在此配置文件的注释中有 也可以去grafana官网搜索
https://github.com/blankhang/docker/blob/master/prometheus/configs/prometheus/prometheus.yml

访问 prometheus
http://192.168.50.11:9090/targets
将会显示所有配置在configs/prometheus/prometheus.yml服务的状态

prometheus-targets

然后配置 grafana

http://192.168.50.11:3000/

  1. 配置 dashboard 点击右上角 选择 Import dashboard
  2. 输入模板ID 如 redis的模板 763 点击 Load
  3. 访问 dashboard 查看监控效果

redis模板 763
prometheus-grafana-redis-dashboard

minio模板 13502
prometheus-grafana-minio-dashboard

nacos模板 13221
prometheus-grafana-nacos-dashboard

linux host模板 12633
prometheus-grafana-linux-host-dashboard

jvm模板 4701
jvm项目pom中添加如下依赖

<!--这个依赖用于把数据转换为prometheus格式使用-->  
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/io.micrometer/micrometer-registry-prometheus -->  
<dependency>  
<groupId>io.micrometer</groupId>  
<artifactId>micrometer-registry-prometheus</artifactId>  
<version>1.11.0</version>  
</dependency>  

然后springboot中security配置需要放行 prometheus url

/**  
* spring security配置  
*  
* @author blank  
*/  
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true, securedEnabled = true)  
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {  
  
@Override  
protected void configure (HttpSecurity httpSecurity) throws Exception {  
httpSecurity.antMatchers("/actuator/prometheus").permitAll();  
}  
}  

prometheus-grafana-jvm-dashboard


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